These days, our country seems hopelessly split in half politically. The only issue that most people agree on is that our country has never been so divided before. Actually, it has.
The colonial population was split on whether to rebel against England. Northern states were in competition with English businesses and so they favored rebellion. But the Southern plantation owners depended on English businesses that loaned them money to grow cotton which was later sold to English textile mills. Rebellion meant insolvency for Southerners so they opposed it.
One of the ugly facts erased from American history books is that as much as one quarter of the population were “loyalists”, people who remained loyal to and often fought with the British. These individuals were chased from the colonies by mobs of their neighbors in an 18th century version of ethnic cleansing.
The divisions remained after the U.S. became a country. The founders argued about whether to abolish slavery, allow new immigrants, and whether to have an economy based on agriculture or manufacturing. Southern states wanted an agricultural economy which supported their economic system of slavery. Northern states were insolvent due to devastation caused by the American Revolution and wanted to rebuild quickly through an industrial economy.
The U.S. could easily have become a failed state. But it didn’t because of a blend of pragmatism and idealism epitomized by the Constitution. The idealism is reflected in the complicated structure of three co-equal branches of government which created strong institutions that could withstand corruption and tyranny. The pragmatism is reflected in the tacit bargain that allowed the South to keep slavery in exchange for accepting a strong federal government that mutualized northern debts allowing for an economic recovery. It was far from an ideal bargain but it saved the country.
Our political history is full of such compromises, most notably the Great Compromise of 1850 which delayed the Civil War for ten years. But in the 1850’s, everyone lost their idealism and their pragmatism. The North/South divisions ran so deep that voters elected only those politicians who pledged to never compromise on the key issues of the day: immigration and slavery.
Today our country is as divided as it was in the Federalist period and in the 1850’s. My hope is that we will follow the Federalist example. It’s the only way our country can remain strong.
About Norma Shirk
My company, Corporate Compliance Risk Advisor, helps employers (with up to 50 employees) to create human resources policies and employee benefit programs that are appropriate to the employer’s size and budget. The goal is to help small companies grow by creating the necessary back office administrative structure while avoiding the dead weight of a bureaucracy. To read my musings on the wacky world of HR, see my weekly blog HR Compliance Jungle (www.hrcompliancejungle.com) which publishes every Wednesday morning. To read my musings on a variety of topics, see my posts on Her Savvy (www.hersavvy.com).
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